Institute for Policy Integrity

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Publications

Viewing all publications in Environmental Health
  • Rethinking Health-Based Environmental Standards
    Academic Article/Working Paper

    Rethinking Health-Based Environmental Standards

    By Michael A. Livermore and Richard L. Revesz
    April 9, 2014

    In Whitman v. American Trucking, the Supreme Court interpreted the Clean Air Act to require the EPA to set the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), without considering costs. Instead, the agency must rely exclusively on health-related criteria. The authors argue that such health-based standards are problematic because there is no coherent way to set the permissible level of pollution based on health considerations alone and, ironically, the NAAQS have generally been set at levels that are inefficiently lax from an economic perspective. The authors urge a reinterpretation of the American Trucking case that would allow the EPA to consider costs-benefit analysis when it would lead to more stringent standards, as it currently does for most regulated pollutants.

  • Valuing the Clean Air Act
    Academic Article/Working Paper

    Valuing the Clean Air Act

    How Do We Know How Much Clean Air is Worth?

    By J. Scott Holladay
    July 11, 2011

    EPA recently released a study evaluating the costs and benefits of amendments to the Clean Air Act between 1990 and 2020 to see what cleaner air means for human health and the economy. Holladay’s analysis of EPA’s numbers shows that they’re based on sound science.

  • Long Overdue: EPA and Nitric Acid Plant Regulation
    Report

    Long Overdue: EPA and Nitric Acid Plant Regulation

    By Policy Integrity
    June 23, 2011

    Nitric acid plants emit dangerous air pollutants that cause illness and alter the climate. This report finds EPA long overdue on a regulatory revision and at risk of allowing major costs to be imposed on the American public.

  • More Residual Risks
    Policy Brief

    More Residual Risks

    An Update on New York City Boilers

    By Kevin R. Cromar, Jason A Schwartz
    May 27, 2010

    Up to 259 lives could be saved every year if certain large buildings in New York City stopped burning dirty heating oil. Using newly available data, a reworked analysis finds that residual oil has even greater consequences than estimated in an earlier report.

  • CLEAR & The Economy
    Policy Brief

    CLEAR & The Economy

    Innovation, Equity, and Job Creation

    By J. Scott Holladay and Michael A. Livermore
    April 12, 2010

    The CLEAR Act, sponsored in the Senate by Maria Cantwell (D-WA) and Susan Collins (R-ME), would place a price on carbon, auction 100% of the pollution permits, and refund most of the revenue back to consumers. This brief found that pricing carbon would spur investment and innovation in new energy technologies, giving a substantial boost to industries like manufacturing and construction—both hit hard in the recent financial crisis. Relatively well-paying jobs would be generated in these sectors, helping to mop up the slack created by the recession.