Institute for Policy Integrity

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Publications

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  • Legal Pathways to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under Section 115 of the Clean Air Act
    Report

    Legal Pathways to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under Section 115 of the Clean Air Act

    By Michael Burger, Ann E. Carlson, Michael B. Gerrard, Jayni Foley Hein, Jason A. Schwartz, Keith J. Benes
    January 14, 2016

    The most efficient legal tool for addressing U.S. climate pollution can likely be found in an unused provision of the Clean Air Act. Section 115 of the Act, titled “International Air Pollution,” authorizes the EPA to develop and implement an economy-wide, market-based program to reduce domestic greenhouse gas emissions. This report, jointly authored by a team of law professors and attorneys at three of the country’s leading institutes focused on climate change and environmental law, offers an in-depth analysis of Section 115, which would provide the most flexible approach for achieving the targets from the Paris climate agreement.

  • Illuminating the Hidden Costs of Coal
    Report

    Illuminating the Hidden Costs of Coal

    How the Interior Department Can Use Economic Tools to Modernize the Federal Coal Program

    By Jayni Foley Hein and Peter Howard
    December 14, 2015

    This report analyzes the hidden costs of coal production, and suggests updates that the Department of the Interior could make to modernize the federal coal program and earn “fair market value” for taxpayers, as required by law.

  • Expert Consensus on the Economics of Climate Change
    Report

    Expert Consensus on the Economics of Climate Change

    By Peter Howard and Derek Sylvan
    December 7, 2015

    We surveyed everyone who published an article related to climate change in a highly ranked economics journal over the past 20 years. The survey revealed consensus that climate damages could be more severe and more immediate than previously thought.

  • Foreign Action, Domestic Windfall
    Report

    Foreign Action, Domestic Windfall

    The U.S. Economy Stands to Gain Trillions from Foreign Climate Action

    By Peter Howard and Jason Schwartz
    November 5, 2015

    Global actions on climate change have already helped the United States avoid more than $200 billion in direct economic damage. Trillions of dollars more for the United States are at stake in securing commitments for future emissions reductions from foreign countries.

  • Reconsidering Coal’s Fair Market Value
    Report

    Reconsidering Coal’s Fair Market Value

    The Social Costs of Coal Production and the Need for Fiscal Reform

    By Jayni Foley Hein and Peter Howard
    October 5, 2015

    Coal mining on federal lands accounts for more than 40 percent of all coal produced in the United States. But outdated policies, longstanding loopholes, and prevalent environmental externalities keep American taxpayers from receiving their fair share of value from federal coal leases.