Institute for Policy Integrity

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Publications

Viewing all publications in Environmental Health
  • Why States Can’t Make Up for Inadequate Federal Enforcement of Environmental Laws
    Issue Brief

    Why States Can’t Make Up for Inadequate Federal Enforcement of Environmental Laws

    By The Institute for Policy Integrity
    June 6, 2017

    Budget cuts threaten EPA’s ability to enforce federal environmental laws, and states have neither the means nor the will to substitute for it. Our issue brief on EPA enforcement explores the financial and political constraints that state regulators already face when implementing federal environmental laws and how the Trump Administration’s budget cuts would exacerbate these problems.

  • The Importance of Evaluating Regulatory “Co-Benefits”
    Issue Brief

    The Importance of Evaluating Regulatory “Co-Benefits”

    By The Institute for Policy Integrity
    February 27, 2017

    Our issue brief on Regulatory Co-Benefits analyzes the importance of using unbiased economic analysis to consider all direct and indirect costs and benefits of any environmental safeguard.

  • Struggling for Air
    Book

    Struggling for Air

    Power Plants and the “War on Coal”

    By Richard L. Revesz and Jack Lienke
    January 4, 2016

    Since the beginning of the Obama Administration, conservative politicians have railed against the President’s “War on Coal.” As evidence of this supposed siege, they point to a series of rules issued by the Environmental Protection Agency that aim to slash air pollution from the nation’s power sector. Because coal produces far more pollution than any other major energy source, these rules are expected to further reduce its already shrinking share of the electricity market in favor of cleaner options like natural gas and solar power. But the EPA’s policies are hardly the “unprecedented regulatory assault” that opponents make them out to be. Instead, they are merely the latest chapter in a multi-decade struggle to overcome a tragic flaw in our nation’s most important environmental law.

  • Familiar Territory
    Academic Article/Working Paper

    Familiar Territory

    A Survey of Legal Precedents for the Clean Power Plan

    By Richard L. Revesz, Denise A. Grab, and Jack Lienke
    December 4, 2015

    In this essay, we highlight a wide variety of regulations from the Clean Air Act’s forty-five-year history that provide substantial precedent for the flexible design of the Clean Power Plan.

  • Rethinking Health-Based Environmental Standards
    Academic Article/Working Paper

    Rethinking Health-Based Environmental Standards

    By Michael A. Livermore and Richard L. Revesz
    April 9, 2014

    In Whitman v. American Trucking, the Supreme Court interpreted the Clean Air Act to require the EPA to set the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), without considering costs. Instead, the agency must rely exclusively on health-related criteria. The authors argue that such health-based standards are problematic because there is no coherent way to set the permissible level of pollution based on health considerations alone and, ironically, the NAAQS have generally been set at levels that are inefficiently lax from an economic perspective. The authors urge a reinterpretation of the American Trucking case that would allow the EPA to consider costs-benefit analysis when it would lead to more stringent standards, as it currently does for most regulated pollutants.