Institute for Policy Integrity

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Publications

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  • The One‐In, Two‐Out Executive Order Is a Zero
    Academic Article/Working Paper

    The One‐In, Two‐Out Executive Order Is a Zero

    By Caroline Cecot and Michael A. Livermore
    June 19, 2017

    President Trump’s Executive Order 13,771 directs each agency to repeal at least two existing regulations before issuing a new one and imposes a regulatory budget that sets a cap on total incremental regulatory costs. In this essay, Caroline Cecot and Michael Livermore evaluate the Order against three priorities that have been adopted by prior administrations or promoted by scholars, commentators, or interest groups: (1) increasing net benefits of regulation, (2) decreasing regulatory burdens, and (3) increasing presidential control over agencies. They also compare the Order against the regulatory reform efforts in other countries.

    The authors conclude that the Order is unlikely to achieve any of these goals without significant changes. They urge President Trump to scrap the Order and instead ensure that agencies engage in reasonable retrospective review of existing regulations and that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs has sufficient staff to oversee agency decisionmaking, among other sensible reforms.

  • The Senate’s Midnight Rules Relief Act Would Bring Chaos, Not Relief
    Issue Brief

    The Senate’s Midnight Rules Relief Act Would Bring Chaos, Not Relief

    June 1, 2017

    The Midnight Rules Relief Act, approved by the Senate’s Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee on May 17, 2017, would turn the Congressional Review Act (“CRA”) from a scalpel into a sledgehammer. Our issue brief describes how this shift in regulatory policy would allow for quick repeals of public safeguards after only 10 hours of Senate debate and prevent similar rules from being enacted in the future.

  • The REINS Act Is Burdensome, Irrational, and Legally Questionable
    Issue Brief

    The REINS Act Is Burdensome, Irrational, and Legally Questionable

    June 1, 2017

    The Regulations from the Executive in Need of Scrutiny Act (“REINS Act”) would prevent agencies from issuing statutorily required rules unless approved by Congress. Our issue brief describes how this bill would create substantial burdens for Congress, worsen outcomes for the American public, and raise constitutional red flags by allowing Congress to repeal earlier statutes through inaction.

  • The Senate’s Misguided and Wasteful Regulatory Accountability Act
    Issue Brief

    The Senate’s Misguided and Wasteful Regulatory Accountability Act

    May 12, 2017

    The Senate’s Regulatory Accountability Act would rewrite notice-and-comment rulemaking procedures and create extraordinarily burdensome hurdles in rule implementation by requiring trial-like public hearings. Our issue brief describes how this change to regulatory reform would give opponents of major public safeguards a valuable tool to delay implementation for years, without any regard to the harm that delay would impose on the health and safety of the American public.

  • Social Costs of Greenhouse Gases
    Issue Brief

    Social Costs of Greenhouse Gases

    February 27, 2017

    Scientific studies show that climate change will have, and in some cases has already had, severe consequences for society, like the spread of disease, increased food insecurity, and coastal destruction. The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a metric designed to quantify climate damages, representing the net economic cost of carbon dioxide emissions. Our issue brief on the Social Cost of Carbon details how this metric was developed and how it applies to federal regulatory policy.