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  • Bridging the Energy Efficiency Gap: EPA’s Tailpipe Emissions Standards and the Transition to Electric Vehicles

    By setting standards that effectively make EVs the most cost-effective route for automakers, the EPA's proposed tailpipe emissions standards have the potential to transform the transportation sector. The projected benefits, both in terms of economic savings and environmental impact, underscore the importance of addressing market failures. A more comprehensive analysis of the energy efficiency gap would further clarify the rule’s merits.

  • Editorial on Circular A-4 Updates Misses the Mark

    The Wall Street Journal's recent editorial argues that the White House missteps in updating its approach to regulatory cost-benefit analysis. Many experts disagree. The Biden administration’s evidence-based approach to cost-benefit analysis recognizes that both benefits and costs merit evenhanded consideration. In this way, it’s a welcome update.

  • EPA’s New Power Plant Rule Fits Within Court-Upheld Authority

    Setting limits on greenhouse gas emissions from power plants is an important part of EPA’s legal framework for reducing climate change. In its recently proposed rule, EPA has walked the line between its congressional mandate, the Court’s West Virginia decision, and the agency’s analysis of the technological and economic realities.

  • Rationally Valuing Natural Resources is Good Governance

    Good governance requires that the federal government regularly account for its natural resources according to a standard set of evidence-based rules. It also requires a systematic approach to deciding when and how to account for environmental services, rather than doing so only when convenient to advance specific political objectives. Two recent federal documents take this task seriously, with the aim of creating a predictable system for how the government will take natural resources into account when making decisions.

  • The United States Shifts Gears in the Asia-Pacific – Analysis

    The US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) is a milestone on the path towards the electric vehicle (EV) era — a monumental shift with the potential to remodel not just the US automotive industry, but the global landscape. Washington is working to establish alternatives to China’s control over critical mineral resources within the Asia-Pacific region, potentially recalibrating the global EV industry.

  • Taking Stock of West Virginia on its One-Year Anniversary

    Natasha Brunstein, Legal Fellow at the Institute for Policy Integrity, reflects on the impacts of West Virginia v. EPA, in which the Supreme Court expressly named and relied on the major questions doctrine for the first time, one year after the landmark decision.

  • FERC’s backstop siting authority: Why considering emissions, EJ will get transmission built

    The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law strengthened the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s authority to site interstate transmission projects that have been rejected or not acted upon by states. Used appropriately, this authority can help the United States build the transmission infrastructure necessary to achieve President Joe Biden’s goal of fully decarbonizing the electricity grid by 2035.

  • Beyond Economic Analysis

    As part of the symposium on Modernizing Regulatory Review, Max Sarinsky, senior attorney at Policy Integrity, discusses the economic and legal implications of the draft update to Circular A-4.

  • Immediate Options to Address Environmental Disparities in Cost-Benefit Analysis

    As it is currently performed, cost-benefit analysis generally undercounts many benefits both to society at large and to vulnerable communities in particular. Before resolving how to consider equity as part of cost-benefit analysis, there are improvements we can make within the existing cost-benefit framework to ensure that health and environmental benefits to society at large — and to marginalized communities in particular — are sufficiently considered.

  • Spring Forward: Making Sense of New Research on Daylight-Saving Time

    Energy conservation has long been the main justification for having daylight-saving time. But there is no compelling scientific evidence that daylight-saving time conserves energy. Recent evidence shows that the effect is smaller than previously thought and very much dependent on local circumstances.