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Peter Howard

Economics Director

Peter Howard is the economics director at Policy Integrity, and a former economic fellow. Much of his work focuses on the social cost of carbon and integrated assessment models. He is the lead researcher for the Cost of Carbon Pollution Project, a collaboration with the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and the Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC). He holds a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis, where his research focused on climate change, environmental policy, and agricultural policy. Howard also holds a Bachelor of Arts from Bard College.

He can be reached at or (212) 998-6093.


Analyzing EPA’s Vehicle-Emissions Decisions: Why Withdrawing the 2022-2025 Standards Is Economically Flawed — May 2018

The Social Cost of Greenhouse Gases and State Policy: A Frequently Asked Questions Guide — October 2017

Illuminating the Hidden Costs of Coal: How the Interior Department Can Use Economic Tools to Modernize the Federal Coal Program — December 2015

Expert Consensus on the Economics of Climate Change — December 2015

Foreign Action, Domestic Windfall:The U.S. Economy Stands to Gain Trillions from Foreign Climate Action — November 2015

Reconsidering Coal’s Fair Market Value: The Social Costs of Coal Production and the Need for Fiscal Reform — October 2015

Flammable Planet: Wildfires and the Social Cost of Carbon — September 2014

Omitted Damages: What’s Missing from the Social Cost of Carbon — March 2014

Policy Briefs

The Bureau of Land Management’s Modeling Choice for the Federal Coal Programmatic Review — June 2016

Illuminating the Hidden Costs of Coal — December 2015

Court Filings

Expert Declaration on Using the Social Cost of Carbon in Environmental Assessments — May 2018

Academic Articles

Sociopolitical Feedbacks and Climate Change — March 2019

Best Cost Estimate of Greenhouse Gases — August 2017

Few and Not So Far Between: A Meta-analysis of Climate Damage Estimates — June 2017

The Social Cost of Carbon: A Global Imperative – March 2017

Think Global: International Reciprocity as Justification for a Global Social Cost of Carbon — August 2016

The Economic Climate: Establishing Expert Consensus on the Economics of Climate Change — November 2015

Global Warming: Improve Economic Models of Climate Change – April 2014


What Counts As Climate Consensus? – National Review, June 2017

Climate change and consensus – The Hill, January 2016

Working Group Estimated, GAO Approved – Cost of Carbon Pollution, September 2014

Is the rift between Nordhaus and Stern evaporating with rising temperatures? – Carbon Tax Center, August 2014

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