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Publications

Viewing all publications in Safety and Consumer Protection
  • Shortchanged: How the Trump Administration’s Rollback of the Clean Car Standards Deprives Consumers of Fuel Savings
    Report

    Shortchanged: How the Trump Administration’s Rollback of the Clean Car Standards Deprives Consumers of Fuel Savings

    By Bethany Davis Noll, Peter Howard, Jason Schwartz, and Avi Zevin
    June 4, 2020

    The Trump administration recently replaced the Obama administration’s strongest climate policy, the Clean Car Standards, with a significantly weaker rule. We explain how EPA and NHTSA, to justify the rollback, rely on an analytical gimmick that contravenes decades of agency practice across administrations as well as the principles of basic economics. 

  • What We Lose When They “Save”
    Policy Brief

    What We Lose When They “Save”

    The Administration’s Misleading Claims About Deregulatory Cost Savings

    By Bethany Davis Noll and Iliana Paul
    May 28, 2020

    The Trump administration regularly boasts about the cost savings of rolling back regulations, focusing on industry profits without considering significant negative impacts. This policy brief address and counters the administration's cost savings claims and demonstrates that they should not be taken at face value.

  • Understanding EPA’s Enforcement and Compliance Policy During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Issue Brief

    Understanding EPA’s Enforcement and Compliance Policy During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    By Helia Bidad, Natasha Brunstein, Jayni Hein, and Alisa White
    May 21, 2020

    This issue brief summarizes EPA's enforcement and compliance policy in light of COVID-19, describing its significance and clarifying its contours. The policy opens the door to potentially problematic and harmful actions, especially on a short-term basis. 

  • Beneath the Surface
    Report

    Beneath the Surface

    The Concealed Costs of the Clean Water Rule Rollback

    By Bethany Davis Noll, Peter Howard, Ph.D., Max Sarinsky, Jason Schwartz, and Jeffrey Shrader, Ph.D.
    April 27, 2020

    In restricting the scope of the Clean Water Act through two regulatory rollbacks, the Environmental Protection Agency and Army Corps of Engineers claim that the estimated compliance-cost savings exceed the environmental harms (in the form of forgone benefits). Yet these analyses suffer from severe methodological flaws. And correcting the analyses would very likely show that the rollbacks are net costly to society, depriving the public of potentially billions of dollars in annual forgone benefits. As detailed in this report, the agencies’ failure to meaningfully assess the substantial harms that will result from their rollbacks violates both regulatory precedent and the agencies’ legal obligations.

  • Look Before You Lease
    Report

    Look Before You Lease

    Reducing Fossil Fuel Dominance on Public Lands by Accounting for Option Value

    By Jayni Hein, Joy Kim, and Sam Smith
    January 7, 2020

    While the Trump administration’s goal of “energy dominance” has increased the public lands available for oil and gas development, no effort has been made to modernize the leasing system, even in the face of climate change. Our report explains how option value—which accounts for the informational value gained by delaying leasing decisions—can and should be factored into the Bureau of Land Management’s land use planning processes. Accounting for option value at multiple stages of the land use planning process would significantly improve BLM’s public lands stewardship, better protect the environment, and regain some of the economic and strategic advantages it has ceded to private developers. The report also describes case studies where BLM’s failure to consider option value has led to costly litigation and missed opportunities.